We see a wider use of work automation in medicine. This includes laboratory and hardware diagnostics, processing and storage of patient information, automation of many processes in the hospital. Do you know that robots have long been working in medicine?
However, you do not have to worry about good doctors who talk to you and prescribe medications. They will remain at their posts. Let’s talk about assistant robots and fantasize about the possibilities of AI in medical robotics. We will tell you about it on the basis of the famous dynasty of transforming robots.
RIBA-II, the care-giving robot is used quite actively, at least in Japan. It can lift a person from the floor or bed and help those who need assistance to stand up. Elderly people often become his patients for understandable reasons.
In Japan, as in the USA and the countries of Europe, the number of elderly people requiring care is increasing. Such robots facilitate the physical labor of the medical staff and allow them devote more time to patient care.
Imagine that over time, AI would help robots perform most of the nurse functions, due to the precision mechanics for manipulators. For example, robots would be able to measure blood pressure, take blood for analysis, dispense medications and, of course, communicate with patients.
Today the most advanced robot simulator is the HPS (Human Patient Simulator) system. Such units allow young professionals to hone their skills, without causing damage to real people. The robot has 30 preloaded patients’ profiles of different age groups and health conditions, for example, a child, a pregnant woman, an elderly alcoholic.
The doctor’s ability to collect primary information and assess the patient’s health condition during emergency hospitalization is extremely important. Often the patient life depends on it. More complex customized system profiles would allow doctors to develop high-level skills, and AI can help here.
The simulator with AI would provide a complex patient profile, as well as virtual reality elements that can show the organs and tissues state online. That allows the young doctor to reach a fundamentally new level of education.
The Da Vinci surgical robot is mainly used for gynecological surgery, prostate removal and heart valve repair.
The device includes a control module with manipulators and an operating module with four robotic arms. The highest accuracy of all manipulations is achieved by increasing the surgical field image for the surgeon. The device also converts the doctor’s hands movements into robotic arms micro movements with tools.
Today, Da Vinci is more a robotic system, not a robot. But the AI built into such systems would eventually be able to replace the doctor, at least when performing certain surgical procedures.
The IBM Watson can be called a big thinking robot that performs the diagnosis sometimes more accurate than doctors. It could not have made without AI intelligence and the machine is constantly improving itself.
The system answers the questions formulated in a natural language, and in its base there are more than 26,000 patient histories and hundreds of thousands of medical documents. The doctor enters basic data about the patient’s health condition into the computer, and then he receives a conclusion about the diagnosis and treatment regimen.
Let’s imagine that one day, due to scientific research and machine learning enthusiasts, such a system would be a matchbox size and can built into any medical robot. And if you, dear reader, remember disc phones and i286 computers, it is not at all difficult to believe.
Editor of IMD News