The UN report highlights the leading positions of China and the United States in the “race of artificial intelligence”. A study published by the World Intellectual Property Organization of the United Nations (WIPO) was published recently. It states that the American tech-giant IBM is leading on this issue with an indicator of 8920 patent applications with AI. Microsoft lags behind a bit – 5930 applications. The Japanese Toshiba has the following highest number of patents (5223), ahead of the South Korean Samsung (5102) and the Japanese NEC Group (4406). China is also not going to give up – the top twenty includes 17 organizations from China.
Currently, machine learning is the most common area using artificial intelligence. For example, the number of applications for patents with in-depth training increased by 175 percent from 2013 to 2016. From the point of view of “cleverness”, artificial intelligence applications have become smarter by 265 percent.
If we consider the degree of use of artificial intelligence in each industry, the transport sector was the fastest growing (134%) – this is not surprising given the huge investments. Next are telecommunications (84%), biology and medicine (40%), as well as personal devices, computers and human-computer interaction (36%).
The United States and China are actively developing each of these industries.
Andrew Ng, a renowned expert on artificial intelligence and CEO of DeepLearning.ai, said in the report: “For other countries – even in those where the level of education is quite high – it is very difficult to compete with business, engineers and investors from China and the US.”
WIPO Director General, Francis Gurry, noted that the cultural and linguistic diversity of Europe is a serious obstacle to machine learning.
Harry fears the growing integration of AI for military purposes by large geopolitical players – but in general, AI can be extremely useful for humanity when used properly. “Is this good or bad news? Well, I would say that all technologies are neutral — it all depends on how you use them,” commented Francis.
“You can use artificial intelligence to develop autonomous weapons that can kill all life on the planet – naturally, this is not the best. But when I see how it is used to improve medicine or other relevant news, then the good news.”
Editor of IMD News